Indonesia's Counter-Terrorism Success: Lessons for Pakistan's Fight against Terrorism
in Area Study Centre for Far East & South-East Asia, Enhancing Pakistan-Indonesia Relations: Perspectives and Challenges
(Jamshoro, Pakistan: University of sindh,2007), pp 78-91
In the aftermath of the terrorist events of September 11, 2001 in the United States, Pakistan made a conscious choice of becoming a frontline state in the US-led War on Terror in Afghanistan and the South-West Asian region, which constitutes the First Front of this war. Indonesia became an active US partner in the international campaign against al-Qaeda-inspired terrorism a couple of years after the 2002 terrorist bombings of Bali and subsequent terrorist events in the country and across South-East Asia, making this region as the Second Front in the War on Terror. However, while the terrorist challenge for Pakistan has compounded despite over seven years of active counter-terrorism campaign, Indonesia has succeeded in reversing the terrorist wave in less than half of this period. This chapter deliberates upon the reasons behind the success and failure in the two important Muslim countries' respective counterterrorism effort. It mentions the main measures adopted by the Indonesian government to effectively combat terrorism. Due to these measures, terrorism practiced by al-Qaeda-linked Jemaah Islamiyah in the country has waned, making Indonesia as one of the world's most successful models of counter-terrorism. Given that, the chapter concludes with a discussion on the lessons Pakistan can learn from Indonesia's counter-terrorism success to combat its own worsening Islamic extremist-terrorist challenge. Full Text