Asia: Keeping the Peace
in Angela Drakulich, ed, A Global Agenda: Issues before the 58th General Assembly of the United Nations
(New York: UNA-USA, 2003), pp 52-111
The implementation of the 200I Bonn Agreement has progressed, albeit slower than expected. On March 28, 2003, the term of the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan was extended until March 28, 2004. The International Security Assistance Force continued to operate only in Kabul and its vicinity; while growing insecurity hampered peace and stability in the rest of the country. This constrained the ability of the Afghan Transitional Administration to extend its authority across Afghanistan; consequently, jeopardizing UNAMA's progress in achieving its military, political, social and economic goals for the war-ravaged country. Nonetheless, on the political front, an encouraging development since the holding of the Loya Jirga of June 2002—which established the ATA under the leadership of Pashtun leader President Hamid Karzai—was the inauguration of the Constitutional Review Commission on April 26, 2003. The 35-member body was mandated to conduct public consultations in an effort to prepare the Draft Constitution, to be submitted to the Constitutional Loya Jirga in October 2003. If approved, the new Afghan Constitution would pave the way for the implementation of the last phase of the Bonn Agreement: the holding of national elections in June 2004. Full Text