CHAPTER
 
Deobandism
in Gabriel Palmer-Fernandez, ed, Encyclopedia of Religion and War (New York: Berkshire/Routledge, 2003), pp 110-12
An orthodox Snnni Islamic ideology that emphasizes the enforcement of strict Sharia rule in Muslim societies, promotes militaristic global jihad against non-Muslims, and is intolerant of other Islamic beliefs, especially Shiite. Its followers include the Jamiyat Ulema-e-Islam (JUI) in Pakistan, the Taliban in Afghanistan and a number of extremist Islamic groups in South, South-East and Central Asia. Based on the Hanafi legal school of thought, Deobandism had originated in British-ruled India during the mid-nineteenth century as a reformist ideology that aimed to regenerate Muslim society as it struggled to live within the confines of a colonized state. Given that, its radicalization at the end of the twentieth century was quite ironic. Deobandism takes its name from the Indian Himalayan town of Deoband, the location of an influential madrassa called Darul uloom Deoband. The religious school was established in 1867 by Maulana Mohammad Qasim Nanauti, a fellow student of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, who founded the Aligarh Muslim University. Even though both founders were taught by the same teachers, they moved to different directions. Darul uloom Deoband was established after the failed uprising of Indian Muslims against the British in 1857. Full Text