Reducing the Nuclear Danger
Pakistan Journal of American Studies,Vol. 14, Nos. 1 & 2 (Spring & Fall 1996), pp 41-54
History has turned full circle since the end of the cold war and collapse of the Soviet Union. Since then, the United States and Russia have cooperated in areas ridden with conflict before. The strategic arms control is one of these areas. The two countries have signed two strategic arms reduction treaties—START I and START II—which, if implemented, would reduce their strategic nuclear weapons by three-forth by the year 2003. But only START I is being implemented. START II is yet to be ratified by the Russian parliament. And, even after the implementation of these agreements, the nuclear weapons potential of the two countries would be formidable enough to destroy the entire world more than once. Not much has therefore changed in the post-Cold War period: nuclear weapons remain the principal threat to international security. Over 90 per cent of these are in the hands of the United States and Russia. The rest are possessed by three other declared nuclear states-China, France and Britain—and the threshold states, Israel, India and Pakistan. If the nuclear arms continued to exist at the same levels, especially among the threshold states, there would always be a possibility of their use in a crisis when the chances of misjudgment, miscalculation and misinformation are always very high. The nuclear danger must be reduced immediately and eliminated ultimately—but how? Full Text