Restoring the Credibility of NPT Regime: A New Global Approach
in Mehmet Tahiroglu, et al, eds., Globalization in World Affairs: Socio-Economic and Political Dimensions (Gazimagusa, North Cyprus: Eastern Mediterranean University, 1998), pp 407-28
The nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty regime has been in jeopardy ever since India and Pakistan conducted nuclear tests and declared their nuclear weapon powers status in May 1998. The testing of nuclear devices by the two countries has established them as de facto nuclear weapon states. However, the International Atomic Energy Agency continues to deny India and Pakistan the status of nuclear powers. For their part, the two countries demand this status before signing the NPT, although their respective stand on the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and Fissile Material Cut-Off Treaty is quite flexible. Article IX of the NPT, which fixes January 1, 1967 as deadline for a state to become nuclear power, is the main hurdle. The dilemma caused by the two countries' nuclear testing and their official proclamations of having achieved the status of nuclear weapon powers, is acute. It is only by tackling this dilemma in an effective and credible manner that the lost credibility of NPT regime can be restored. The situation caused by IAEA's refusal to recognize the nuclear weapons potential of India and Pakistan is likely to become more ridiculous given the globally accepted reality of the two countries' nuclear testing and consistent demand by them for international acceptance of their status as nuclear weapon powers. Tackling this dilemma requires altogether a new approach towards nuclear arms control and non-proliferation, one that links South Asia's nuclear armament essentially with nuclear armament by the recognized nuclear states. Full Text