Peacekeeping and Disarmament: Protecting the World’s People
in Angela Drakulich, ed, A Global Agenda: Issues before the 60th General Assembly of the United Nations (New York: United Nations Association (UNA) of the USA, 2005), pp 37-112
The history of UN peacekeeping and peace-building in Asia is nearly as old as the history of the UN itself. It began in 1949, with the establishment of a limited UN peacekeeping mission in Kashmir to mediate between India and Pakistan. Since then, the world body has proactively undertaken a number of peacekeeping and political missions to help nations across the continent move from conflict-driven instability to sustained peace. In recent years, while continuing to play a symbolic peacekeeping role in Kashmir, the UN has contributed remarkably to peacekeeping and peace-building activities in Asia’s four other trouble-spots: Tajikistan (since 1994), Bougainville (since 1998),Timor-Leste (since 1999) and Afghanistan (since 2002). The period following the 59th session of the General Assembly was particularly significant for a number of reasons, including a real possibility that peace in Kashmir was finally within reach; Timor-Leste’s transition from a peacekeeping to a peace-building phase; the holding of parliamentary elections in Bougainville and Tajikistan; and, above all, the successful conclusion of Afghanistan’s presidential polls. This chapter describes each of these successes and the UN’s role in them. Full Text